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Henry Herbert, 10th Earl of Pembroke and 7th Earl of Montgomery, born 3rd July 1734,
In 1756-59 he re-built the family's town house, Pembroke House, London.
Before 1760 he bought 40 Queen Anne St, London. Used it as a London town-house.
He was despatched c. early 1760 with his regiment to Germany to take part in the Seven Years' War [spanned 1756-63, Prussia was Britain's ally]. He was Major-General commanding the Cavalry Brigade in Germany 1760-61.
He wrote the British Army's manual on riding, Military Equitation: or A Method of Breaking Horses, and Teaching Soldiers to Ride (1761). His methods were adopted throughout the British cavalry (book had gone into 4th edn by 1793).
He had a
brief affair early 1762 [him age 27, her age 19] with
[born 1743, descendant of Edward III].
Henry had returned from Germany Jan 1762. He immediately met and fell for Kitty.
They eloped in Feb 1762 to the Low Countries (him disguising himself as a sailor, and leaving a note for his wife).
See account by Horace Walpole.
But soon he was recalled to the Army in Germany. Kitty returned to England, already pregnant, and gave birth Nov 1762. He returned to England Feb 1763 and was reconciled to his wife Mar 1763.
10th Earl and Kitty had illegitimate issue:
His wife Elizabeth was admired by the King George III in the early 1760s. This came back to embarrass her when he suffered madness in later life.
Henry had another affair on the Continent 1768, in Venice [apparently carried the lady off on the very night of her wedding to someone else] and had issue:
Henry was appointed a Lord of the Bedchamber to George III in 1769.
Elizabeth was the principal lady-in-waiting (Mistress of the Robes) to Queen Charlotte.
The King and Queen stayed with them at Wilton for two nights in 1778 (NOT 1788).
Henry advanced to the rank of General in 1782.
"Husbands are dreadfull and powerfull Animals" wrote the long-suffering Elizabeth after taking her husband back. But she was not completely helpless. She prevented him from giving Reebkomp the surname "Herbert". (Reebkomp had to make do with adopting the name "Montgomery" in 1782.)
She and Henry ended up in separate quarters at Wilton (him downstairs, her upstairs).
Eventually she left him in 1788.
She moved to Pembroke Lodge, Richmond Park, London (put at her disposal by the King).
The King's madness:
But then the King, who had been attracted to Elizabeth all his life, suffered his first bout of insanity in 1788, and she had to endure the embarrassment of his unwanted attentions.
She features in the movie The Madness of King George (1994) played by Amanda Donohoe. The King introduces her: "Now, that's Lady Pembroke. Handsome woman, what? Daughter of the Duke of Marlborough. Stuff of generals. Blood of Blenheim. Husband an utter rascal. Eloped in a packet-boat." The movie shows the mad King harassing her, but shows her (and the Queen) remaining loyal to him. Set in 1788, she was actually much older than portrayed.
In the movie she says "My mother-in-law lost her wits" [but is now cured]. This is invention. Her mother-in-law Mary Fitzwilliam died in 1769.
The concert with the bell-ringers, and two later scenes with the Prince of Wales, are actually shot in the Double Cube Room (with group portrait visible) at Wilton (though it is not meant to be Wilton in the story).
Henry died at Wilton, 26th Jan 1794, age 59 yrs,
bur Wilton parish church.
Elizabeth suffered unwanted attentions of King sporadically until 1805.
She died 30th Apr 1831, age 94 yrs.
There is a modern replica 18th cent ship,
Earl of Pembroke
(built in the 1940s as the
reconstructed as an 18th cent style ship in 1994).
This has been used in many films, and was re-named the Earl of Pembroke in the time of the 17th Earl the film-maker.
However, the inspiration for the name was apparently the fact that Captain Cook's Endeavour used to be the Earl of Pembroke.
Letter by Horace Walpole on 25 Feb 1762.
From pp.491-492 of same volume.
He passes on a quip that someone else made:
"As Pembroke a horseman by most is accounted, 'Tis not strange that his lordship a Hunter has mounted."