10th Earl of Pembroke
- Henry, Elizabeth and George:
Letters and Diaries of Henry, 10th Earl of Pembroke and his Circle (1734-80),
16th Earl, 1939.
- This was
The Pembroke Papers vol. I (1734-80), 1942-50.
- The Pembroke Papers vol. II (1780-94),
16th Earl, 1950,
[EUL] 9(42073) Pem.
The 10th Earl, his wife Elizabeth Spencer,
and their son the 11th Earl (born 1759) as a boy.
Engraving by James Watson, after painting by
Sir Joshua Reynolds
See full size
Henry Herbert, 10th Earl of Pembroke
[descendant of Edward III
and 7th Earl of Montgomery,
born 3rd July 1734,
in the Army, with the Colonelcy of the
1st Regiment of Dragoons
authority on breaking cavalry horses,
built indoor Riding School
1755 (now visitors centre),
commissioned 55 paintings of military riding exercises 1755
[these now hang in Large Smoking Room, Wilton,
they were published in The Wilton House Riding School
, Dorian Williams],
mar 23rd Mar 1756 [him age 21, her age 19] to
Lady Elizabeth Spencer
[born Jan-Mar 1737]
and had issue:
- George Augustus Herbert, 11th Earl of Pembroke,
born 10th Sept 1759 (NOT 20th), Whitehall, London,
poss. named after his uncle
George Spencer, 4th Duke of Marlborough,
who had just succeeded 1758.
- Charlotte Herbert,
born 14th July 1773,
died from consumption, 21st Apr 1784, age 10 yrs.
in 1756–59 he re-built the family's town house,
Pembroke House, London,
before 1760 he
40 Queen Anne St, London,
used it as a London town-house,
was despatched c. early 1760 with his regiment to Germany
to take part in the
Seven Years' War
[spanned 1756-63, Prussia was Britain's ally],
he was Major-General commanding the Cavalry Brigade in Germany 1760-61,
wrote the British Army's manual on riding,
Military Equitation: or A Method of Breaking Horses,
and Teaching Soldiers to Ride, 1761,
his methods were adopted throughout the British cavalry
(book had gone into 4th edn by 1793),
brief affair early 1762 [him age 27] with
[born est c.1740, descendant of Edward III],
Henry had returned from Germany Jan 1762, immediately met and fell for Kitty,
they eloped to the Low Countries
(him disguising himself as a sailor, and leaving a note for his wife),
but soon he was recalled to the Army in Germany,
Kitty returned to England, already pregnant, and gave birth Nov 1762,
he returned to England Feb 1763 and was reconciled to his wife Mar 1763,
had illegitimate issue:
- Augustus Reebkomp (later Montgomery),
illegitimate, born 23rd Nov 1762, England,
think bapt 25th [Wilton House video shows entry],
named Augustus Retnuh (Hunter backwards) Reebkomp (anagram of Pembroke),
Retnuh middle name, NOT part of surname.
Elizabeth was admired by
in the early 1760s -
which came back to embarrass her
when he suffered madness in later life,
Henry had another affair on the Continent 1768, in Venice
[apparently carried the lady off on the very night of her wedding to someone else]
and had issue:
- Caroline Medkaff, born 1768 or 1769, illegitimate,
think married. [Pembroke Papers]
Henry was appointed a Lord of the Bedchamber to
Elizabeth was the principal lady-in-waiting (Mistress of the Robes)
to Queen Charlotte
the King and Queen stayed with them at Wilton for two nights in 1778 (NOT 1788),
Henry advanced to the rank
of General in 1782,
"Husbands are dreadfull and powerfull Animals"
wrote the long-suffering Elizabeth
after taking her husband back
- but she was not completely helpless
- she prevented him from giving Reebkomp the name Herbert in 1781,
they ended up in separate quarters at Wilton (him downstairs, her upstairs),
eventually she left him in 1788
and moved to Pembroke Lodge
, Richmond Park, London
(put at her disposal by the King),
but then the King, who had been attracted to Elizabeth all his life,
suffered his first bout of insanity in 1788,
and she had to endure the embarrassment of his unwanted attentions,
she features in the movie
The Madness of King George (1994)
played by Amanda Donohoe,
the King introduces her:
"Now, that's Lady Pembroke. Handsome woman, what?
Daughter of the Duke of Marlborough. Stuff of generals. Blood of Blenheim.
Husband an utter rascal. Eloped in a packet-boat.",
the movie shows the mad King harassing her,
but shows her (and the Queen) remaining loyal to him,
set in 1788, she was actually much older than portrayed,
in the movie she says "My mother-in-law lost her wits [but is now cured]",
this is invention,
her mother-in-law Mary Fitzwilliam died in 1769,
the concert with the bell-ringers,
and two later scenes with the Prince of Wales,
are actually shot in the Double Cube Room
(with group portrait
visible) at Wilton
(though it is not meant to be Wilton in the story),
Henry died at Wilton, 26th Jan 1794, age 59 yrs,
bur Wilton parish church.
Elizabeth suffered unwanted attentions of King sporadically until 1805,
she died 30th Apr 1831, age 94 yrs.
The 10th Earl as a boy, 1748 (age 14).
Portrait by follower of Jonathan Richardson (died 1745).
Used here with the kind permission of the
Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge
Engraving by Charles Turner Warren, after portrait by W.H. Brown, published 1792.
See full size.
The ship, the Earl of Pembroke
was formerly the
Earl of Pembroke
(possibly also referred to as the
a merchant ship built 1764,
named after 10th Earl,
purchased for Cook 1768, refitted and renamed
There is a modern replica 18th cent ship,
Earl of Pembroke
(built in the 1940s as the
reconstructed as an 18th cent style ship in 1994).
This has been
used in many films,
and was re-named the Earl of Pembroke in the time of the
17th Earl the film-maker.
However, the inspiration for the name was apparently the fact that
Captain Cook's Endeavour
used to be the
Earl of Pembroke.
The Earl of Pembroke
, later HMS Endeavour
leaving Whitby Harbour
, North Yorkshire, in 1768.
See full size
"As Pembroke a horseman by most is accounted,
'Tis not strange that his Lordship a Hunter has mounted."
- quip [see Lever, 1967] by the gossip