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Our common ancestors - English Royal family - Contents


Edward III



Edward III, effigy in Westminster Abbey.
Public domain image from here.




Edward III (see here and here and here),
born 13th Nov 1312,
reigned 1327-77,
mar 1328 to Philippa of Hainault,
founded King's Hall, Cambridge 1337 [later part of Trinity College, Cambridge],
Philippa's chaplain founded Queen's College, Oxford 1341,
Edward III founded Order of the Garter 1348 (the senior order of chivalry),
see the play Edward III (and here) by anonymous (possibly by Shakespeare),
Philippa died 1369,
bur Westminster Abbey,
Edward III died 21st June 1377, age 64 yrs,
bur Westminster Abbey,
had issue:


  1. Edward, The Black Prince (see here), born 1330,
    mar Joan Plantagenet, "The Fair Maid of Kent",
    died 1376,
    bur with effigy in gold armour, Canterbury cathedral,
    see images,
    had issue:

    1. Richard II (see here and here), reigned 1377-99.
      Alleged to have been gay lover of Robert de Vere, 9th Earl of Oxford (see here).
      The play Richard II (and here) by Shakespeare, spans 1398-1400.


  2. Lionel Plantagenet, Duke of Clarence (and here), born 1338,
    mar Elizabeth (Isabella) de Burgh, Countess of Ulster [descendant of Edward I and of Aoife Mac Murrough],
    Lord-Lieutenant of Ireland 1361-67,
    Statutes of Kilkenny 1366 forbade English settlers to adopt Irish culture,
    had issue:
    1. Philippa Plantagenet (and here), born 1355, mar Edmund Mortimer, 3rd Earl of March and had issue.


  3. John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster,
    born Mar 1340, Abbey of St.Bavon, Ghent, Belgium
    (Houses of Lancaster and Tudor).


  4. Edmund Plantagenet (see here),
    born 5th June 1341, Kings Langley, Hertfordshire,
    appears in Richard II by Shakespeare,
    mar Isabella of Castile [descendant of Henry II and poss. descendant of The Prophet Muhammad],
    died 1402, bur church of All Saints, Kings Langley, Hertfordshire,
    had issue:

    1. Constance Plantagenet, born c.1374, mar Thomas le Despencer and had issue.

    2. Richard Plantagenet, Earl of Cambridge, born 1385 (House of York).


  5. Thomas of Woodstock, 1st Duke of Gloucester (see here),
    born 7 January 1355,
    mar Eleanor de Bohun [descendant of Edward I]
    and had issue:

    1. Anne of Gloucester, mar Edmund de Stafford, 5th Earl of Stafford and had issue.





14th century manuscript depicting Edward III (seated) and his son the Black Prince (kneeling).
From here and here.




Edward III's sons



On Edward III's tomb, Westminster Abbey, are these figures of his children.
Left to Right: Edward (the Black Prince), Joan, Lionel, Edmund, Mary, William.
Photo 2013. See full size.
See also photos in 1924 survey. Though think labels in it are wrong.



Lionel and Edmund, from above.
Photo 2013. See full size.
From Phoebe Seward. Used with permission.
See also here.



Figures of Edward, the Black Prince, and Lionel, Duke of Clarence, from above tomb of Edward III in Westminster Abbey.
From A Student's History of England by Samuel Rawson Gardiner (1916). See here.
Originally from Hollis's Monumental Effigies.



The Great Gate, at Trinity College, Cambridge.
Showing the arms of Edward III and his sons.
Left to Right: Edmund, Lionel, Edward (the Black Prince), William, John of Gaunt, Thomas.
See full size. From here.




  

Tombs of Edward III and Philippa of Hainault



  


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