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Our common ancestors - Herbert - Contents

Augustus Reebkomp (later Montgomery)

Augustus Reebkomp as a young man.
This is a photo of a lost portrait, thought to be by Jean-Baptiste Greuze.
Maybe painted at the time Reebkomp got his commission in 1781.
Maybe painted at same time as when the 11th Earl of Pembroke was painted by Greuze in Paris in 1780.
This is one of the two Greuze portraits. This one was sold around WWI and is now missing.

Augustus Reebkomp (later Montgomery),
illegitimate son of 10th Earl of Pembroke,
born 23rd Nov 1762, England,
descendant of Edward III.

Son of the 10th Earl of Pembroke:
Reebkomp's will 1796 mentions a grant of a coat of arms from the Herald's Office "by which my father the Earl of Pembroke acknowledges me as his son".
It is about as well-documented an illegitimacy as you could imagine, and about as well-accepted by the legitimate family. Even Lady Pembroke generously welcomed him at Wilton (though she blocked his adoption of the surname Herbert).
He was liked especially by his half-brother George (the future 11th Earl), who had no other brother.
Money came out of the Herbert family for them for almost a full hundred years.
Think he grew up mainly at Wilton.
Not sure how much contact he had with his mother Kitty Hunter. The Earl of Pembroke paid her a pension. Presumably she did not visit Wilton. But they stayed in contact. Her new lover the (future) Earl of Bristol was Reebkomp's godfather, and her eventual husband Alured Clarke stayed in contact with Reebkomp (and with the Montgomery family, after Reebkomp's death).
He is referred to in letters as "Reeb" or "Rep:".

He was educ Eton 1767-71.
Royal Navy career:
He entered Royal Navy as child (first record June 1773, age 10).
He was allowed be present at Wilton during the Royal visit 1778.
Apr 1778 (age 15), midshipman, on the Bienfaisant.
Mar 1779, midshipman, Europe (possibly this is the Europa).
Sept 1779, midshipman, Victor, serving with Royal Navy off America as at 1779.
Mar 1780 (age 17), appointed Lieutenant on the Hope. Conflict with the newly-independent America.
En route from "Charlestown" [unidentified, a number of possibilities] to New York to join the Hope, Reebkomp was captured 24th Mar 1780 off "Sandy Hook" [unidentified, a number of possibilities] by an American privateer. He was carried into Rhode Island. Eventually freed.

The story among his Gibbon descendants was that he went on the Grand Tour with his half-brother the future 11th Earl.
Note that the 11th Earl sat for a portrait by Greuze in Paris in May-June 1780, and Reebkomp had a matching portrait of himself painted by Greuze, so maybe he was in Paris with his half-brother in summer 1780.

Captain, 1781:
July 1781 (age 18), appointed Captain of the Ranger (later the Pigmy).
He took the surname "Montgomery" on receiving his commission 1781.
Though [Dublin Almanack, 1783] and [Dublin Almanack, 1787] both say he was appointed Captain on 24 May 1782.
May 1782, Captain, Buffalo.
June 1782, leave.
Sept 1782, Captain, Borcas.
May 1783, Captain, Concord.
Sept 1783, leave (for nearly 5 yrs).
May 1788, Captain, Mercury.
May 1791, leave (got married, George conceived).

He mar post-May, 1791 [mar settled by 10th Earl] to Susan Maltass [born est c.1770].
Jan 1793, Captain, Inconstant.
The 11th Earl writes to his mother, Aug 1793, saying that Reebkomp's marriage is not happy: "A Wasps' Nest there very likely is, but I fear she has been herself unsupportable to him, and she is such an execrable fool, that I am inclined to fear there are but small hopes and I have likewise heard enough to make me suspect that her conduct has not always been the most regular in any respect." [Pembroke Papers, vol.II]
However, Reebkomp in his will 1796 still refers to "my beloved wife Susan".

As at Apr 1794, Inconstant is in Mediterranean [Steel's list].
Jan 1795, Captain, Courageux (a ship captured from the French in 1761).
June 1795, Captain, Audacious.
July 1795, Captain, Bedford.
Nov 1795, leave (Elizabeth conceived).

May 1796, Captain, Theseus, pronounced "Thee-seus".
His will dated 13th June 1796, written on board the Theseus at sea.
He died on board his ship the Theseus at Cawsand Bay, Plymouth, 6th Feb 1797, age 34 yrs.
He was bur 16th Feb 1797 in churchyard of Stoke Damerel church, Plymouth. No monument erected to him there.
His will was proved (by 11th Earl) 11th Mar 1797, Prerogative Court of Canterbury.
There were family names Augustus, Augusta and Montgomery in the Gibbon family after him.

His widow Susan lived on for many years. She was living Paris at time of her death in 1851. Note her mother was French.
Susan, "otherwise Suzanne", is listed as residing at 62 rue Neuve-Saint-Augustin, Paris at time of her death [SOG document]. Listed as "widow, householder".
Her will dated 12th Dec 1850 [SOG document].
She died 12th July 1851, age est c.81 yrs [letter to Arthur Augustus Gibbon 27th Dec 1882].
Admin of estate 14th July 1853, Prerogative Court of Canterbury, "All property to her son Augustin Henry Saladin Montgomery".
Augustus and Susan had issue:

  1. Rev. George Augustus Montgomery,
    born 7th Nov 1793.
  2. Elizabeth Montgomery,
    poss. after her grandmother Kitty Hunter [Elizabeth Catherine],
    born 12th July 1796,
    bapt 13th July, par of St.Margaret, think Westminster, Co.Middlesex,
    there is a book of Gulliver's Travels, pub 1803, a gift from her uncle the 11th Earl to her, 22nd Dec 1806 [her age 10, must be Christmas present],
    there is a book, Fables by John Gay, a gift to her from "the Dowager Lady Pembroke" (must be Elizabeth Spencer, widow of her grandfather), 21st Oct 1807 [her age 11],
    mar 1814 to Arthur Gibbon and had issue.
  3. Augustin Henry Saladin Montgomery,
    not listed on Gibbon family tree,
    and Elizabeth's marriage contract 1815 doesn't list him, it states: "And whereas the said Testator" [Reebkomp] "left issue two children, a son and a daughter", namely just the two above,
    but [SOG document] lists him as Susan's son, and as sole beneficiary of her will, pr 1853,
    not mentioned in Reebkomp's will 1796, possibly born after his death?, i.e. born late 1797,
    presumably should be "Augustus" - after his father - the same [SOG document] refers to his father also as "Augustin",
    "Saladin" is the great medieval Muslim leader who fought the Crusaders, seems an amusing reference to his mother's Turkish background.

Capt. Augustus Montgomery listed among the Royal Navy Captains in [Dublin Almanack, 1787].
See full size.
See also listing in [Dublin Almanack, 1783].


The Beechey portrait

Capt. Augustus Montgomery, Royal Navy, 1789 (age 27).
Picture in possession of Gibbon of South Africa.
This is is a (very good) painted copy of the original portrait by Sir William Beechey which is now in Wilton House.
The original portrait by William Beechey was commissioned by the 10th Earl, exhibited at the Royal Academy 1792 (when everyone involved in the affair was still alive), and now hangs in the Colonnade Room, Wilton House.
Light adjusted digitally. See full size and alternative and original.
Image courtesy of Mike Hilligan.

A quarter-size copy, in possession of the Gibbon family, of the original portrait at Wilton.
This copy is thought to have been painted by Reebkomp's great-granddaughter Florence Gibbon around the turn of the century.
See full size and alternative scan.

(Left) Detail of a portrait of her father by Florence Gibbon. See full size.
(Right) Detail of our copy of the Reebkomp portrait. See full size.
Seems to be the same style.
Florence must have been allowed in to Wilton around the turn of the century to copy it.

Augustus Reebkomp.
Picture in possession of Gibbon of South Africa.
Looks like a sketch of the portrait at Wilton.
Light adjusted digitally. See original.
Image courtesy of Mike Hilligan.

Stoke Damerel church, Plymouth

The parish church of St.Andrew & St.Luke, Stoke Damerel, Stoke, city of Plymouth, Devon.
Augustus Montgomery was buried in the churchyard here in 1797. No monument.
This is at E end of Paradise Road, S end of Stoke.
See satellite view and street view.

The church of St.Andrew & St.Luke, Stoke Damerel, Plymouth. Photo 2006.
See full size.
From here. See terms of use.

62 rue Neuve-Saint-Augustin, Paris

At time of her death in 1851, Susan Maltass was living at 62 rue Neuve-Saint-Augustin in Paris.
This is now rue Saint-Augustin, between Avenue de l'Opera and Rue de Richelieu.
See map.
Though street view shows that numbers on rue Saint-Augustin do not go up to (or even close to) no.62 today.

Rue Neuve-Saint-Augustin (now rue Saint-Augustin), Paris, on old map.
From (which says articles are Creative Commons).

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